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Lee-Metford

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Rifle, Magazine, Lee-Metford

Carbine, Magazine, Lee-Metford

Came in both rifle and carbine flavours, and matched the Lee bolt-action to the Metford barrel. Fired the .303" cartridge, with a black powder charge.

Metford designed a system of rifling that was particularly suited to small-calibre black-powder rifles: it consisted of 7 shallow, rounded grooves. This was found to be advantageous for both accuracy and fouling reasons, and was thus paired with the Lee action to produce the first in a series of rifles that would serve the British military from 1888 to the early 1990s.

With the changeover to cordite, it was found that Metford rifling burned out too quickly, so the barrel was changed to an Enfield design with 5 square grooves, and thus became the Lee-Enfield