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Lesotho

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Pre-independence flag of the HCT of Basutoland

Formerly the British High Commission Territory of Basutoland, the Kingdom of Lesotho became independent from the UK in 1966, though it is still a member of the Commonwealth. A geographical oddity, the country is surrounded entirely by South Africa.

In common with other post-colonial African nations, Lesotho went through the usual turbulent period of political in-fighting, coups and assassinations throughout the '70s and '80s, but no where near as bad as elsewhere.